DATE: 25 October 2015 Sunday


korayuzrkmez© Koray Urkmez


After the death of Alexander the Great (323 B.C), Lysimachos, one of Alexander’s generals, chose Pergamon as the depository for his vast wealth, placing here 9,000 talents of gold under the guardianship of his lieutenant, Philetairos (283-263 B.C). Upon Lysimachos’s death, Philetairos retained this money for himself and with it founded the Pergamon monarchy which lasted 150 years. Pergamon later became the capital of a flourishing Hellenistic kingdom and one of the principal centers of Hellenistic civilisation. Philetariros extended his kingdom as far as the shores of The Marmara Sea. After  Philetairos his nephew Eumenes I (263-241 BC) came into the power. He managed to preserve these frontiers by paying tribute to the Galatians. Attalos I (241-197 BC), the son of Eumenes I, defeated the Galatians in battle and began to use the title of King. Attalos was deeply interested in art and culture. The city was adorned with architectural splendours during his reign. Eumenes II( 197-159 B.C.) raised the Kingdom of Pergamon to its rank of one of the strongest states of Hellenistic times, by means of the close times he established with Rome. He also brought the city to the climax of its cultural prominence.